After the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C., his generals divided his empire into many different successor states, however Greece remained under Macedonian control. The Greeks would fight with the armies of the Macedonian kings until the 200’s B.C., the Greeks did not achieve independence, instead some of the Greek city-states fought against each other.
Meanwhile, in the west, the Romans had been conquering lots of land and territories establishing themselves as a formidable power in the Mediterranean and wanted more, so the turned east-ward. In 197 B.C., Rome conquered Macedonia and Greece was liberated. By 146 B.C., Greece was conquered by the Romans and was then divided into several different provinces.