The Boer Wars were a series of conflicts between the British and the Afrikaners, also known as the Boers (the Boers were Dutch descendants who lived in South Africa). The Boer wars took place in South Africa at the end of the nineteenth century.
In 1880, a Boer rebellion had broken out when the British and the Afrikaners had fought over an area known as the Kimberley area where a diamond field had been found. The British and Afrikaners fought for about a year and during that time the South African Republic had been restored. However the stability of the South African Republic would not last long: in the Transvaal, in 1886, gold was discovered and the British had blocked access the Afrikaners’ access to the sea as there was a strong Afrikaner influence in the area, much stronger than the British Forces. In 1889, the Afrikaner republics of the Orange Free State and the Transvaal agreed to join forces to fight against the British. Both sides fought until 1902, when the Afrikaners finally surrendered.
For some time after the Boer War, the Transvaal became a British crown colony. By 1910, the British government combined its territories in the southern part of Africa and combined it into the Union of South Africa.