The Five Year Plans were plans initiated by Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin (1879-1953). Stalin initiated the plans in order to speed up the industrialization of the U.S.S.R. and also to organize the agriculture under the control of the Communist Government. Stalin’s first five year plan began in 1928 and subsequent plans were carried out until 1958, 5 years after Stalin’s death. In 1959 the Soviet leadership developed a seven year plan (1959-65) which was aimed at equaling and overtaking the American industry. Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev (1906-82) reinstated the five year plans in 1966, the five year plans continued all the way up to the dissolution of the U.S.S.R. in 1990-1991. The five year plan was also instated in other communist countries all having the same goal to bring the industry, agriculture and distribution of goods and services all under collective government control.