The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire, existing from approximately 320 to 550 CE and was founded by Sri Gupta. The Gupta Empire covered much of the Indian subcontinent. Due to the peace and prosperity created through the Gupta Empire, the pursuit of scientific and artistic endeavors was enabled. This period of time is often referred to as the Golden Age of India, as it saw extensive inventions and discoveries in science, technology, engineering, art, dialectic, literature, logic, mathematics, astronomy, religion and philosophy which crystallized the elements of what is now known as Hindu culture. The most notable rulers of the Gupta Empire were: Chandragupta I, Samudragupta and Chandragupta II. The Gupta’s conquered 21 kingdoms both inside and outside India.
Decline of the Gupta Empire
The Gupta Empire gradually declined due to many factors such as the substantial loss of territory and imperial authority. The Gupta Empire eventually collapsed in the 6th century, the subcontinent of India was again ruled by numerous regional kingdoms. However a major line of the Gupta clan continued to rule in the Magadha region after the collapse of the Gupta Empire. The Gupta’s in the Magadha region were eventually overthrown in the 7th century by the Vardhana ruler, Harsha.