The Underground Railroad was set up by an American nurse, abolitionist and lecturer, Harriet Tubman (1826-1913). Tubman had set up the network to emancipate slaves. Tubman had setup the Underground Railroad under the motivation of freedom, this was because she had recently made her way to freedom and desired to bring her family to the north as well. Tubman quoted “I had crossed the line of which I had so long been dreaming. I was free; but there was no one to welcome me to the land of freedom.”
Tubman acted as a conductor on the Underground Railroad for the next 10 years as she made at least fifteen trips into the southern slave states and guided 200 slaves (including her family) to their freedom in the north.Tubman possessed extraordinary leadership qualities as she guided slaves through very demanding and dangerous journeys.