What is Cubism?

Cubism was a very innovative and influential art movement which was pioneered by Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) and Georges Braque (1882-1963). Due to the Cubism movement, artists began to look at subjects in new ways so they could depict three dimensions on a flat canvas. Artists would break up the subject into various shapes then they would repaint the subject from different angles. Cubism laid the foundation for many other modern art movements in the 20th century.

When was the Cubism movement?

The Cubism movement started in 1908 and lasted through the 1920’s.

What are the characteristics of Cubism

There are two main types of Cubism:

  • Analytical Cubism- Analytical Cubism was the name given to the first stage of the Cubism movement. Through this characteristic of Cubism artists would analyze the subject and break it up into different blocks. The artists would then look at the subjects’ blocks from different angles, then they would reconstruct the subject, using various viewpoints to paint the blocks
  • Synthetic Cubism- Synthetic Cubism was the name given to the second stage of Cubism. The second stage of Cubism introduced the idea of adding in other materials in a collage. Colored paper, newspapers and other various materials were used by artists to represent the different blocks of the subject. Brighter colors and lighter moods were also introduced due to the second stage.

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