In 1979, a peace treaty was made between Israel and Egypt and was known as the “Camp David Accords”. The treaty was called this because the US President Jimmy Carter had met with Egypt’s Anwar Sadat and Israel’s Menachem Begin at the Presidential retreat which was held at Camp David in Maryland. The treaty was signed on the 26 of March, 1979, in Washington D.C. with the US President, Jimmy Carter as a witness to the agreement made by the two Middle Eastern nations.
The treaty provided the return of the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt. Previously the Sinai Peninsula had belonged to Israel as it had been occupied by them since the Arab-Israeli War of 1967. The Sinai Peninsula was formally transferred back to Egypt in 1982. Furthermore, the Camp David Accords also outlined that the two nations would negotiate Palestinian autonomy in the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip. However Egypt’s leader Sadat was assassinated in 1981 and this negotiation did not progress any further.