The Rwandan Genocide was the mass slaughter of the Tutsi and politically moderate Hutu peoples. The genocide began in April 1994 and lasted until the defeat of the Hutu Power movement in mid-July 1994. The Genocide was primarily orchestrated: by the supremacist Hutu militia groups, who were co-perpetrated by the state Government of Rwanda and the Rwandan civilians who supported the Hutu power movement. After the conclusion of the genocide, at least 500,000 Tutsi’s were murdered, including Tutsi sympathizers and those who did not support the movement. Furthermore, 2 million refugees ( who were mainly Hutu’s, who feared the newly formed Tutsi rebel government) occupied the disease-ridden refugee camps in the neighboring countries of Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda and Zaire (Now known as the Democratic republic of Congo).
Rwanda has two public holidays in which its people can people can mourn the tragedies of the genocide. The national period of mourning begins on the 7th of April and ends on the 4th of July, also known as liberation day. The Rwandan genocide served as an impetus: to create the International Criminal Court, in order to eliminate the need for ad hoc tribunals.