When was the Red Cross founded?

The Red Cross was founded in October 1863 after 16 national delegates met in Geneva (during the Geneva Conference) to discuss the establishment of a system where volunteers would help the wounded in times of war regardless of nationality. In 1862, a Swiss philanthropist named Jean Henri Dunant ( 1828-1910) had described this idea in…

What is the Versailles treaty?

The Treaty of the Versailles is known as the most important treaty during the first world war, this is because it brought the war to an end. The treaty was signed on the 28th of June 1919, ending the the war between the triple Entente and the Central Powers. The key terms of the Versailles…

Why did the US forces fail in Vietnam?

The Vietnam war started in 1955 on the 1st of November and ended on the 30th of April in 1975, lasting 19 years and 180 days. During the war, the strength of the US forces was numbered at 536100. By the end of the war 58315 US soldiers had been killed in action and a further…

How were the Axis Powers defeated in World War 2

During World War 2, the Axis Powers consisted of: Nazi Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. The Axis powers were defeated in the second World War because of 6 main reasons. 1. The first reason was that there was a shortage of raw materials among the Axis powers. Both Italy and Japan had to…

How were the Central Powers defeated in World War 1?

During World War 1, the Central Powers consisted of : Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria. The Central Powers were defeated because of 7 main reasons. 1. The first reason was that the Schlieffen Plan had failed, removing the Germans’ hope of a quick and decisive victory. This then became a major strain for the Germans…

What happened to the Lusitania

What was the Lusitania? The Lusitania was a British luxury cruise ship. In 1907, the Lusitania was the largest ship in the world, travelling mostly across the Atlantic Ocean between Britain and the United States. The Lusitania was 787 feet long and could carry 3048 passengers and crew. Leading up to the Attack The First…

What was the Peloponnesian War?

The Peloponnesian War was an armed conflict fought between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta, during the years of 431 BC to 404 BC. The war ended with a Spartan victory, ending the golden age of Ancient Greece. Before the War After the end of the Persian War, Athens and Sparta had agreed upon…

What was the Flensburg Regime

Following the death of Hitler and Goebbels, the government of Germany was temporarily assumed by Hitler’s appointed successor, Grand Admiral Karl Donitz. Donitz had his headquarters at Flensburg near the Danish border. Donitz was able to operate freely with a cabinet of minister as well as a small defense force until the 23rd of May 1945 when he and…

Who was Tojo Hideki?

Tojo Hideki (1884-1948) was the Japanese Prime Minister from 1941 until 1944. Tojo commanded the Japanese army that fought the Chinese in Manchuria in 1935. In 1938 Tojo became part of Japan’s military government. In 1940, he was made the minister of war. Two months prior to the devastating attack on Pearl Harbour in 1941, Tojo became…

Who was Field Marshall Erwin Rommel?

Field Marshall Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was one of Germany’s finest military commanders. At the start of the second World War Rommel was at the command of a tank division that pushed the British and French troops back to the English Channel. Due to his actions, Rommel was rewarded with…